@Dbone, in fact no, and will be extremelly complicated to manage that, but, ERPNext allow you to get statistics joining “Cost Centers”, “Projects” and “Items” one example is the “Sales Register” report.
Usually, “Cost Centers” are betters to distribute a cost of a service (Eg: wather, eletricity, renting) against some areas of the organization (“Cost Center”) to you manage they budget.
It’s usefull in Accounting Projects (that’s not the same project, but can work in ERPNext), where do you will imobilize the final product, or get a long depreciation asset, like a building, a purchase of a new machinary etc).
In that case that are you looking for, I belive that a project, and the cost centers agains orders, can solve your case, of course, do you will need to tabulate your data.
For some specific cases, when you have “stock items”, you can assign a “cost of cost center” per item, in the item basis. but again, do you need to tabulate your data, to use information from Stock GL and General Ledger.